Hardest-Programming-languages

For all the programmers or coders out there looking for a new kind of challenge, today we’re going to talk about some of the hardest programming languages present in the tech industry. 

Also Read: Scope Of AI In India

Being a partial programmer myself I have worked on some of the most basic languages including C and Java. Again I’m no expert on these but they are the easiest languages out there for any beginner to start working on. These languages have some of the basic commands available for the users which are easy to use by everyone and can be implemented easily by any rookie. 

This article is not for rookies or is it? Anyways if you’re a beginner or an expert, people are always looking for challenges in the development or coding field. If you’re one of them, here’s your best chance as there are languages far beyond the understanding of a normal human with an average IQ. There is no clue why the creators were so intrigued as they created some of the worst languages out there to make the task of coders even more difficult. 

If you’re a professional in your field and you want to try something interesting, you should definitely check out all these languages for fun or for some additional practice to challenge your intellect. Keep in mind these are the hardest programming languages and for starters, they might be even hard to read. Without wasting much of your time, let me brief you about what programming languages are. 

What is a Programming Language?

As the name suggests, programming languages simply help you design and write programs that can be used for multiple purposes. Every technology around you or should I say every machine around you needs to be programmed. What this means is there need to be some specific codes written for the machine to work. Without these codes and programs, the machines are useless. 

There are many programming languages that are popular in the market including the easy ones and the hard ones. Some of them are listed below. 

  • C/C++
  • Java
  • Python
  • PHP

These are the most trending languages right now used by many industries out there. While some companies still follow the fundamental Java, Python is widely used for Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence which is quite popular and demanding these days. 

But, these are the basic and easiest languages to learn, I’m going to tell you about some of the hardest programming languages in the market. Without wasting any more time, let’s get started. 

Hardest Programming Languages That Exist

Brainfuck

As the name suggests, this language was made to blow out your brains and make you go crazy to understand this. Brainfuck is an esoteric language that was created by Urban Müller in 1993. The program was made to challenge all the programmers and to function with the lightweight compilers. The language consists of just 8 commands which can be used to write any program.

Note: The smallest compiler created from this language is just 100 bytes!!!

Reading a Brainfuck coded program is very complicated for a regular programmer and only people with experience in this language can understand these types of codes. Here how “Hello World!” in the language looks like. 

++++++++++[>+++++++>++++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>++.>+.+++++++..+++.>++.<<+++++++++++++++.>.+++.——.——–.>+.>.

COW

This weird named language was developed by Sean Heber in 2003 which seems to be a variant of Brainfuck. The program has 12 instructions revolving around the capitalization of moos’(sound of the holy cow). This includes Moo, mOO, MoO, etc, and OOM being the odd one out. The program only considers these 12 variations and all the other characters will be considered as comments in the compiler. This language is Turing-Complete. 

Similarly to Brainfuck, this cannot be understood by regular programmers and coders. Here’s what a simple “Hello World!” program looks like without any looping.

MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO Moo MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO Moo MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO Moo Moo MoO MoO MoO Moo OOO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO Moo MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO Moo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOoMOo MOo MOo MOo MOo Moo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo Moo MoO MoO MoO Moo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo Moo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MOo MooOOO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO MoO Moo

INTERCAL

This language was created by Don Woods and James M. Lyon in 1972. At the times when computers we’re so easily available for everyone, these Princeton University students created a language that is known to be one of the hardest programming languages in the world. To make it a little understandable, they added some easy keywords like Read Out, Please, Ignore, and Forget

The interesting thing to notice is the “Please” keyword which has two predefined sets in the language. If the user has entered less than 4 “Please” keyword in the code, the program will show an error that the code is insufficiently polite. Similarly, if you add more than 5 “Please” keyword in one code, it shows overly polite. 

Here’s how a simple “Hello World!” program looks like. 

DO ,1 <- #13
PLEASE DO ,1 SUB #1 <- #238
DO ,1 SUB #2 <- #108
DO ,1 SUB #3 <- #112
DO ,1 SUB #4 <- #0
DO ,1 SUB #5 <- #64
DO ,1 SUB #6 <- #194
DO ,1 SUB #7 <- #48
PLEASE DO ,1 SUB #8 <- #22
DO ,1 SUB #9 <- #248
DO ,1 SUB #10 <- #168
DO ,1 SUB #11 <- #24
DO ,1 SUB #12 <- #16
DO ,1 SUB #13 <- #162
PLEASE READ OUT ,1
PLEASE GIVE UP

Malbolge

This language was influenced by Brainfuck and Intercal. The creator was Ben Olmstead who created this language in 1998. He created this language with one thing in mind – “It would be impossible to use” and no doubt the results say the same. The irony is the creator never created a single program in the language.

Note: Until 2 years of creation, there was no program created in the language. 

The first program which was created in Malbolge was not by any human but a beam search algorithm designed by Andrew Cooke and implemented in Lisp. The language takes the difficulty from Brainfuck and Intercal to a whole new level. 

A “Hello World!” program in Malbolge looks like this. 

(=<`#9]~6ZY32Vx/4Rs+0No-&Jk)”Fh}|Bcy?`=*z]Kw%oG4UUS0/@-ejc(:’8dc

Whitespace

Taking the name, the foundation of this language is on spaces and tabs. Created by Edwin Brady and Chris Morris at the University of Durham, this programming language was launched on April 1, 2003. Due to the launch date, people actually thought this was some kind of a joke but as it turns out, this is indeed a real language.  

This programming language just understands spaces, tabs, and linefeeds which makes it one of the hardest programming languages to understand. For other programs, space is used to make the code error-free but for this language, spaces are used to create the programs.

Here’s how a ”Hello World!” program looks like in Whitespace. 

Hardest-Programming-languages
Source: Wikipedia

Frequently Asked Questions

Can You Learn These Programming Languages?

Yes of course. These are the hardest programming languages in the world but a human has designed them. You can check some of the tutorials available on Youtube other platforms for information related to these languages. The only thing you need to make sure is to have your basics clear. Without having the basic knowledge of programming, these languages will be a challenge and in some cases, it might be impossible to understand. You need to have an understanding of how languages work including C and Java which is must require for a programmer.

Which is the most difficult programming language?

The hardest languages in the world are listed above and after having a quick walkthrough at all of them, we can say that Malborge is the hardest programming language in the world. Although every person has a different IQ set so opinions might differ on the same.

Is C++ the hardest language?

No, in fact, C++ is one of the easiest languages. C and C++ are the building blocks of a beginner in the programming field. If you’re a rookie and you want to get on this field, you need to have perfect command over these languages to start your journey.

Good luck on understanding these languages and create some awesome code to share with us in the comments below.

Subscribe to us through the newsletter on our homepage to get notified of the latest articles we post and also make sure to follow our TwitterFacebook, and Instagram pages for more interaction with us.